# Struct spinoso_time::Time

source · [−]`pub struct Time { /* private fields */ }`

## Expand description

Implementation of Ruby `Time`

, a timezone-aware datetime, based on
`chrono`

.

`Time`

is represented as:

- a 64-bit signed integer of seconds since January 1, 1970 UTC (a Unix timestamp).
- an unsigned 32-bit integer of nanoseconds since the timestamp.
- An offset from UTC. See
`Offset`

for the types of supported offsets.

This data structure allows representing roughly 584 billion years. Unlike
MRI, there is no promotion to `Bignum`

or `Rational`

. The maximum
granularity of a `Time`

object is nanoseconds.

`Time`

objects are immutable. Date/time value manipulation always returns a
new `Time`

object.

## Examples

```
// Create a Time to the current system clock with local offset
let time = Time::now();
assert!(!time.is_utc());
println!("{}", time.is_sunday());
```

```
let time = Time::now();
let one_hour_ago: Time = time - (60 * 60);
assert_eq!(time.to_int() - 3600, one_hour_ago.to_int());
assert_eq!(time.nanosecond(), one_hour_ago.nanosecond());
```

## Implementation notes

Time stores raw timestamps and only converts to `chrono`

`DateTime`

for
computation. `chrono`

provides an aware datetime view over the raw
timestamp.

## Implementations

Creates a new `Time`

object for the current time with a local offset.

##### Examples

```
use spinoso_time::Time;
let now = Time::new();
```

Returns a new Time object, one second later than time.

This method should log a deprecation warning if `Time::nanosecond`

is
non-zero.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let next = now.succ();
assert_eq!(now.to_int() + 1, next.to_int());
```

Returns the difference between two `Time`

objects as an `f64`

of seconds.

Returns the hour of the day `0..=23`

for *time*.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let hour_of_day = now.hour();
```

Returns the minute of the hour `0..=59`

for *time*.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let minute_of_hour = now.minute();
```

Returns the second of the minute `0..=60`

for *time*.

Seconds range from zero to 60 to allow the system to inject leap seconds.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let second_of_minute = now.second();
if second_of_minute >= 60 {
// `now` is during a leap second
}
```

Returns the number of microseconds for *time*.

This method returns microseconds since the last second (including leap seconds. The range of this value is always from 0 to 999,999.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let usec_since_last_second = now.second();
if usec_since_last_second >= 1_000_000 {
// `now` is during a leap second
}
```

Returns the number of nanoseconds for *time*.

This method returns nanoseconds since the last second (including leap seconds. The range of this value is always from 0 to 999,999,999.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let nsec_since_last_second = now.nanosecond();
```

##### Implementation notes

The IEEE 754 double is not accurate enough to represent the exact number
of nanoseconds since the Unix Epoch. `nanosecond`

is
more accurate than `to_float`

.

Returns the fraction for time.

The return value can be a rational number. This result is more accurate
than `to_float`

because IEEE 754 double precision is
not sufficient to losslessly encode nanosecond fractions of seconds.

##### Examples

```
let time = Time::now();
let (sub_second_units, units_per_second) = time.subsec();
```

##### Implementation notes

Time has a maximum granularity of nanoseconds, so in practice this method always returns nanoseconds, but the returned tuple accommodates returning any fractional part, such as millis or micros.

Returns `true`

if *time* occurs during Daylight Saving Time in its time
zone.

##### Implementation notes

This function is not implemented and always returns `false`

.

Returns `true`

if time represents a time in UTC (GMT).

##### Examples

```
let local_time = Time::now();
assert!(!local_time.is_utc());
let utc_time = local_time.to_utc();
assert!(utc_time.is_utc());
```

Returns a new `Time`

object representing time in local time (using the
local time zone in effect for this process).

##### Examples

```
let local_time = Time::now();
assert!(!local_time.is_utc());
let local_time2 = local_time.to_local();
assert!(!local_time2.is_utc());
let utc_time = local_time.to_utc();
assert!(utc_time.is_utc());
```

Returns a new `Time`

object representing time in UTC.

##### Examples

```
let local_time = Time::now();
assert!(!local_time.is_utc());
let utc_time = local_time.to_utc();
assert!(utc_time.is_utc());
let utc_time2 = utc_time.to_utc();
assert!(utc_time2.is_utc());
```

Returns an integer representing the day of the week, `0..=6`

, with
Sunday == 0.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
match now {
time if time.is_sunday() => assert_eq!(time.weekday(), 0),
time if time.is_monday() => assert_eq!(time.weekday(), 1),
time if time.is_tuesday() => assert_eq!(time.weekday(), 2),
time if time.is_wednesday() => assert_eq!(time.weekday(), 3),
time if time.is_thursday() => assert_eq!(time.weekday(), 4),
time if time.is_friday() => assert_eq!(time.weekday(), 5),
time if time.is_saturday() => assert_eq!(time.weekday(), 6),
_ => {}
}
```

Returns true if *time* represents Sunday.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
if now.is_sunday() {
// go grocery shopping
assert_eq!(now.weekday(), 0);
}
```

Returns true if *time* represents Monday.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
if now.is_monday() {
// go to work
assert_eq!(now.weekday(), 1);
}
```

Returns true if *time* represents Tuesday.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
if now.is_tuesday() {
// go to the gym
assert_eq!(now.weekday(), 2);
}
```

Returns true if *time* represents Wednesday.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
if now.is_wednesday() {
// hump day!
assert_eq!(now.weekday(), 3);
}
```

Returns true if *time* represents Thursday.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
if now.is_thursday() {
// Chinese food delivery for dinner
assert_eq!(now.weekday(), 4);
}
```

Returns true if *time* represents Friday.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
if now.is_friday() {
// TGIF
// Friday, Friday, gotta get down
assert_eq!(now.weekday(), 5);
}
```

Returns true if *time* represents Saturday.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
if now.is_saturday() {
// hike at the lake
assert_eq!(now.weekday(), 6);
}
```

Returns the value of *time* as a floating point number of seconds since
the Unix Epoch.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let now_f = now.to_float();
let now_i = now.to_int();
assert!(now_i as f64 <= now_f);
```

##### Implementation notes

The IEEE 754 double is not accurate enough to represent the exact number
of subsecond nanoseconds in the `Time`

.

Returns the value of *time* as an integer number of seconds since the
Unix Epoch.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let now_f = now.to_float();
let now_i = now.to_int();
assert!(now_i as f64 <= now_f);
```

Serialize a `Time`

into its components as a `ToA`

.

`ToA`

stores a `Time`

as a ten-element struct of time components: [sec,
min, hour, day, month, year, wday, yday, isdst, zone].

The ordering of the properties is important for the Ruby `Time`

API, and is accessible with the `ToA::to_tuple`

method.

##### Examples

```
let now = Time::now();
let to_a = now.to_a();
assert_eq!(to_a.sec, now.second());
assert_eq!(to_a.wday, now.weekday());
```

## Trait Implementations

Performs the conversion.

This method returns an ordering between `self`

and `other`

values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for `self`

and `other`

) and is used by the `<`

operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for `self`

and `other`

) and is used by the `<=`

operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for `self`

and `other`

) and is used by the `>`

operator. Read more

## Auto Trait Implementations

### impl RefUnwindSafe for Time

### impl UnwindSafe for Time

## Blanket Implementations

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more