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``````use crate::extn::core::integer::Integer;
use crate::extn::prelude::*;

pub(in crate::extn) mod mruby;

#[derive(Debug, Clone, Copy)]
pub struct Numeric;

#[derive(Debug, Clone, Copy, PartialEq, PartialOrd)]
pub enum Outcome {
Float(f64),
Integer(i64),
// TODO: Complex? Rational?
}

impl ConvertMut<Outcome, Value> for Artichoke {
fn convert_mut(&mut self, from: Outcome) -> Value {
match from {
Outcome::Float(num) => self.convert_mut(num),
Outcome::Integer(num) => self.convert(num),
}
}
}

const MAX_COERCE_DEPTH: u8 = 15;

#[derive(Debug, Clone, Copy, PartialEq, PartialOrd)]
pub enum Coercion {
Float(f64, f64),
Integer(i64, i64),
// TODO: Complex? Rational?
}

/// If `y` is the same type as `x`, returns an array `[y, x]`. Otherwise,
/// returns an array with both `y` and `x` represented as `Float` objects.
///
/// This coercion mechanism is used by Ruby to handle mixed-type numeric
/// operations: it is intended to find a compatible common type between the two
/// operands of the operator.
///
/// See [`Numeric#coerce`][numeric].
///
/// # Coercion enum
///
/// Artichoke represents the `[y, x]` tuple Array as the [`Coercion`] enum, which
/// orders its values `Coercion::Integer(x, y)`.
///
/// [numeric]: https://ruby-doc.org/core-3.1.2/Numeric.html#method-i-coerce
pub fn coerce(interp: &mut Artichoke, x: Value, y: Value) -> Result<Coercion, Error> {
fn do_coerce(interp: &mut Artichoke, x: Value, y: Value, depth: u8) -> Result<Coercion, Error> {
if depth > MAX_COERCE_DEPTH {
return Err(SystemStackError::with_message("stack level too deep").into());
}
match (x.ruby_type(), y.ruby_type()) {
(Ruby::Float, Ruby::Float) => Ok(Coercion::Float(
x.try_convert_into(interp)?,
y.try_convert_into(interp)?,
)),
(Ruby::Float, Ruby::Fixnum) => {
let y = y.try_convert_into::<Integer>(interp)?;
Ok(Coercion::Float(x.try_convert_into(interp)?, y.as_f64()))
}
(Ruby::Fixnum, Ruby::Float) => {
let x = x.try_convert_into::<Integer>(interp)?;
Ok(Coercion::Float(x.as_f64(), y.try_convert_into(interp)?))
}
(Ruby::Fixnum, Ruby::Fixnum) => Ok(Coercion::Integer(
x.try_convert_into(interp)?,
y.try_convert_into(interp)?,
)),
_ => {
let class_of_numeric = interp
.class_of::<Numeric>()?
.ok_or_else(|| NotDefinedError::class("Numeric"))?;
let is_a_numeric = y.funcall(interp, "is_a?", &[class_of_numeric], None)?;
let is_a_numeric = interp.try_convert(is_a_numeric);
if let Ok(true) = is_a_numeric {
if y.respond_to(interp, "coerce")? {
let coerced = y.funcall(interp, "coerce", &[x], None)?;
let coerced: Vec<Value> = interp
.try_convert_mut(coerced)
.map_err(|_| TypeError::with_message("coerce must return [x, y]"))?;
let mut coerced = coerced.into_iter();
let y = coerced
.next()
.ok_or_else(|| TypeError::with_message("coerce must return [x, y]"))?;
let x = coerced
.next()
.ok_or_else(|| TypeError::with_message("coerce must return [x, y]"))?;
if coerced.next().is_some() {
Err(TypeError::with_message("coerce must return [x, y]").into())
} else {
do_coerce(interp, x, y, depth + 1)
}
} else {
let mut message = String::from("can't convert ");
message.push_str(interp.inspect_type_name_for_value(y));
message.push_str(" into Float");
Err(TypeError::from(message).into())
}
} else {
let mut message = String::from(interp.inspect_type_name_for_value(y));
message.push_str(" can't be coerced into Float");
Err(TypeError::from(message).into())
}
}
}
}
do_coerce(interp, x, y, 0)
}

#[cfg(test)]
mod tests {
use super::Coercion;
use crate::test::prelude::*;

#[test]
fn coerce_int_to_float() {
let mut interp = interpreter();
let x = interp.convert(1_i64);
let y = interp.convert_mut(2.5_f64);
assert_eq!(Coercion::Float(1.0, 2.5), super::coerce(&mut interp, x, y).unwrap());
}

#[test]
fn coerce_float_to_int() {
let mut interp = interpreter();
let x = interp.convert_mut(1.2_f64);
let y = interp.convert(3_i64);
assert_eq!(Coercion::Float(1.2, 3.0), super::coerce(&mut interp, x, y).unwrap());
}

#[test]
fn coerce_int_to_int() {
let mut interp = interpreter();
let x = interp.convert(1_i64);
let y = interp.convert(2_i64);
assert_eq!(Coercion::Integer(1, 2), super::coerce(&mut interp, x, y).unwrap());
}

#[test]
fn coerce_float_to_float() {
let mut interp = interpreter();
let x = interp.convert_mut(1.2_f64);
let y = interp.convert_mut(2.5_f64);
assert_eq!(Coercion::Float(1.2, 2.5), super::coerce(&mut interp, x, y).unwrap());
}
}
``````