1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
//! Utilities for working with Ruby `String`s.
//!
//! In Ruby, `String` is a `Vec<u8>` with an optional encoding. `String`s
//! default to UTF-8 encoding but this does not require the byte vector to
//! contain valid UTF-8.
//!
//! Artichoke aims to support ASCII, UTF-8, maybe UTF-8, and binary encodings.

use scolapasta_string_escape::format_debug_escape_into;
use std::borrow::{Borrow, BorrowMut, Cow};
use std::error;
use std::fmt;

use crate::class_registry::ClassRegistry;
use crate::core::ConvertMut;
use crate::error::{Error, RubyException};
use crate::extn::core::exception::Fatal;
use crate::sys;
use crate::Artichoke;

/// Write a UTF-8 debug representation of a byte slice into the given writer.
///
/// This method encodes a bytes slice into a UTF-8 valid representation by
/// writing invalid sequences as `\xXX` escape codes.
///
/// This method also escapes UTF-8 valid characters like `\n` and `\t`.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// Basic usage:
///
/// ```
/// # use artichoke_backend::string::format_unicode_debug_into;
///
/// let mut message = String::from("cannot load such file -- ");
/// let filename = b"utf8-invalid-name-\xFF";
/// format_unicode_debug_into(&mut message, &filename[..]);
/// assert_eq!(r"cannot load such file -- utf8-invalid-name-\xFF", message);
/// ```
///
/// # Errors
///
/// This method only returns an error when the given writer returns an
/// error.
#[inline]
pub fn format_unicode_debug_into<W>(dest: W, string: &[u8]) -> Result<(), WriteError>
where
    W: fmt::Write,
{
    format_debug_escape_into(dest, string).map_err(WriteError)
}

/// Error type for [`format_unicode_debug_into`].
///
/// This error type can also be used to convert generic [`fmt::Error`] into an
/// [`Error`], such as when formatting integers with [`itoa::fmt`].
///
/// This  error type wraps a [`fmt::Error`].
///
/// [`Error`]: crate::error::Error
#[derive(Debug, Clone, Copy)]
pub struct WriteError(fmt::Error);

impl From<fmt::Error> for WriteError {
    fn from(err: fmt::Error) -> Self {
        Self(err)
    }
}

impl From<WriteError> for fmt::Error {
    fn from(err: WriteError) -> Self {
        err.into_inner()
    }
}

impl WriteError {
    #[inline]
    #[must_use]
    pub fn into_inner(self) -> fmt::Error {
        self.0
    }
}

impl AsRef<fmt::Error> for WriteError {
    fn as_ref(&self) -> &fmt::Error {
        &self.0
    }
}

impl AsMut<fmt::Error> for WriteError {
    fn as_mut(&mut self) -> &mut fmt::Error {
        &mut self.0
    }
}

impl Borrow<fmt::Error> for WriteError {
    fn borrow(&self) -> &fmt::Error {
        &self.0
    }
}

impl BorrowMut<fmt::Error> for WriteError {
    fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut fmt::Error {
        &mut self.0
    }
}

impl fmt::Display for WriteError {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.write_str("Unable to write message into destination")
    }
}

impl error::Error for WriteError {
    #[inline]
    fn source(&self) -> Option<&(dyn error::Error + 'static)> {
        Some(&self.0)
    }
}

impl RubyException for WriteError {
    #[inline]
    fn message(&self) -> Cow<'_, [u8]> {
        Cow::Borrowed(b"Unable to write message into destination")
    }

    #[inline]
    fn name(&self) -> Cow<'_, str> {
        "fatal".into()
    }

    fn vm_backtrace(&self, interp: &mut Artichoke) -> Option<Vec<Vec<u8>>> {
        let _ = interp;
        None
    }

    fn as_mrb_value(&self, interp: &mut Artichoke) -> Option<sys::mrb_value> {
        let message = interp.convert_mut(self.message());
        let value = interp.new_instance::<Fatal>(&[message]).ok().flatten()?;
        Some(value.inner())
    }
}

impl From<WriteError> for Error {
    #[inline]
    fn from(exception: WriteError) -> Self {
        Self::from(Box::<dyn RubyException>::from(exception))
    }
}

impl From<Box<WriteError>> for Error {
    #[inline]
    fn from(exception: Box<WriteError>) -> Self {
        Self::from(Box::<dyn RubyException>::from(exception))
    }
}

impl From<WriteError> for Box<dyn RubyException> {
    #[inline]
    fn from(exception: WriteError) -> Box<dyn RubyException> {
        Box::new(exception)
    }
}

impl From<Box<WriteError>> for Box<dyn RubyException> {
    #[inline]
    fn from(exception: Box<WriteError>) -> Box<dyn RubyException> {
        exception
    }
}

#[cfg(test)]
mod tests {
    use super::format_unicode_debug_into;

    #[test]
    fn invalid_utf8() {
        let mut buf = String::new();
        format_unicode_debug_into(&mut buf, &b"abc\xFF"[..]).unwrap();
        assert_eq!(r"abc\xFF", buf.as_str());
    }

    #[test]
    fn ascii() {
        let mut buf = String::new();
        format_unicode_debug_into(&mut buf, &b"abc"[..]).unwrap();
        assert_eq!(r"abc", buf.as_str());
    }

    #[test]
    fn emoji() {
        let mut buf = String::new();
        format_unicode_debug_into(&mut buf, "Ruby 💎".as_bytes()).unwrap();
        assert_eq!(r"Ruby 💎", buf.as_str());
    }

    #[test]
    fn escaped() {
        let mut buf = String::new();
        format_unicode_debug_into(&mut buf, b"\n").unwrap();
        assert_eq!(r"\n", buf.as_str());
    }
}